Is it challenging to take your child to the grocery store?
Does your child have difficulty expressing themselves?
Are transitions to different activities or places difficult for your child?
Does your child play with the same toys in a rigid, systematic way?
Does your child prefer to spend time by themselves, instead of playing with peers or siblings?
If you answered yes to any of these questions, then ABA services could definitely benefit you (and your family)!
Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) services address both behavioral challenges and skill acquisition deficits. ABA is the science of analyzing the functional relationship (contingencies) between the learner's behavior and their environment, to improve socially significant behaviors using data analysis and ongoing assessment.
Programming is systematic in nature (based on assessment and observation, accompanied with ongoing data (and analysis)), therefore targeting replacement skills that are more appropriate than problem behavior as well as teaching skills that are functional to that learner. Programming is individualized to focus on your child's priorities, while also incorporating parent training! The first goal is to establish an effective form of communication (verbal, sign language, PECS, or AAC device) by first requesting, then labeling, conversation, etc., therefore the learner can gain access to things that they need and want. Language is an ever-evolving component of human beings, therefore there is almost always a language program/focus. Other skills that are may be taught include play skills, social skills, and daily living skills, just to name a few.
ABA programming assesses skills and creates small steps to teach until mastery, then continues to apply those skills ensuring that new skills are also generalized to be used in the presence of different people and environments. These skills may include grooming, chores, and leisure skills.
One example is a dressing chain that will teach the child the entire sequence of steps, which could be more than 15 steps long, teaching steps one by one until entire sequence is independent. The teaching procedure includes prompting and fading to independence as the learner demonstrates the step mastered.
ABA is also applicable to learning new hobbies, juvenile detention center rehabilitation, assistance to stop your bad habits (i.e. smoking, biting finger nails, weight loss), class management in schools (i.e. PBIS), and countless other places! Stay tuned for more blog posts!